On the Source of U-Shape Learning in Interlanguage Processing: A Pilot Study on the L2 Acquisition of Number Agreement in French by Jordanian Arabic Learners


  • Abdel-Rahman Hani Abu Helal Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan
  • Authoul Walid Salim Abdul Hay Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan




Number agreement, input-providing va. output-pushing corrective feedback, U-shape processing


This paper investigates the L2 acquisition of the morphosyntax of number agreement of French by L1 learners. The study is based on a pilot study that investigates learners’ knowledge of number agreement of two paradigms of subject-verb number agreement in French: the so-called matching paradigm in which agreement in number is expressed audibly via an alternation of the verb stem between a singular and plural forms and the mismatching paradigm in which the number agreement is not audible realized via singular vs. plural alternation. We discussed our sample’s proficiency in (de-)normalizing number agreement and the implications it has for the theory of corrective feedback and linguistic input in L2 processing in Language acquisition.

Author Biographies

Abdel-Rahman Hani Abu Helal, Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan

Department of English language and literature

Authoul Walid Salim Abdul Hay, Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan

Department of French language


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