Illusions and Realities in the Film Green Book From the Perspective of Ideology
Keywords:film, Green Book, ideology, Louis Althusser, popular culture
Film, from Louis Althusser’s standpoint, serves as one of the powerful ideology state apparatuses in the form of popular culture and mass media, to achieve the effect of interpellating the individuals as subjects, and constructing imaginary identity. This paper, based on specific theories on ideology, especially that of Althusser’s, tends to analyze the ideology issue in the Hollywood film Green Book (2018), including what kind of ideologies the film fabricates, how it fabricates them, and what kind of ideology such fabrication gives away. Through scrupulous exploration, this paper maintains that by narrating the reconciliation story between the American white and black, Green Book actually aims to disseminate to the audience specific ideologies in class, race and the American nation, in order to console the masses and dilute the social conflicts. Yet, besides the ideology desired by the film, there is “an ideology behind ideology” the film betrays.
Althusser, L. (2005). For Marx. London & New York: Verso.
Althusser, L. (1971). Ideology and Ideology State Apparatuses. In L. Althusser (Ed.), Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays (pp. 127-186). New York: Monthly Review Press.
Dai, J. H. (2004). Film Criticism. Beijing: Peking University Press.
Farrelly, P. (2018). Green Book. Universal Picture.
Ji, G. M. (2005). Ideology. Guilin: Guangxi Normal University.
Li, B. (2013). Distinguishing the Genre and Interpreting the Values of “‘Chicken-Soup-for-the-Soul’ Road Movie’”. New Films, (6), 48-51.
Lynn, A. (2005). Appreciating Cinema. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press.
Peng, Y. M. (2008). The Ideology of Film and the Ideological State Apparatus. Movie Literature, (16), 23-24.
Strinati, D. (2004). An Introduction to Theories of Popular Culture. London & New York: Routledge.