Genre-Based Approach Implementation in Teaching Listening: A Case Study in Senior High School in Indonesia


  • Aprilza Aswani Politeknik Negeri Medan
  • Nurul Namira Simatupang Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
  • Muhammad Yusuf Universitas Sumatera Utara
  • T. Kasa Rullah Adha Universitas Sumatera Utara



teaching listening, GBA, students’ ability


Listening is a skill that is sometimes forgotten when learning a language. Although it may appear challenging, listening abilities can be improved over time if practiced regularly. This study aimed to see if the genre-based approach (GBA) could be used to teach listening. This study employed a qualitative design. The participants of this study were a teacher and 15 students of grade 11 (eleven) of Senior High school in Medan, Indonesia, consisting of nine males and six female students. The English teacher was chosen because she is a senior teacher who has applied 2013 curriculum and used genre-based English learning in grade eleven (11) students of an old high school in Medan. This study applied the data collection techniques by conducting classroom observation and interviews. The findings presented that the GBA with four cycles of learning model applied by the teacher was considered capable of helping students in listening learning. It can help students recognize text variations, vocabulary, and structures in the text, which were also students' provisions in the listening process.

Author Biographies

Aprilza Aswani, Politeknik Negeri Medan

Informatics Management Study Program

Nurul Namira Simatupang, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

English Education Study Program

Muhammad Yusuf, Universitas Sumatera Utara

English Literature Study Program

T. Kasa Rullah Adha, Universitas Sumatera Utara

Mandarin Study Program


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