State of Praxis in The Oath of Vayuputras: An Eco-Critical Perspective
Keywords:depletion, deep ecology, destructive impacts, eco-criticism, rivers, Somras
The depletion and drying of river water across India is a growing problem in the contemporary period. The ecologists have raised a huge concern regarding the depletion of river water in India. The drying, depletion, and disappearance of the rivers in India can be traced back to the Indus Valley Civilization. The ecological disturbance on land resulted in the loss of the Saraswati River. Amish Tripathi is a renowned figure in the realm of popular Indian mythological fiction. He has not only re-narrated the mythology of India but has also retold the history and geological reasons for the disappearance of the Saraswati River in his novel The Oath of Vayuputras (2013). The research article views the novel from a deep eco-critical perspective to examine the rationale behind the drying and depletion of the Saraswati River due to the destructive production and disposal of Somras and its toxic waste in the river. The article aims at showing the ecological disturbance in the biosphere which is the result of the progress of the human race towards civilization. The shunning of the eco-centric attitude and the development of a capitalistic attitude in humans towards other living beings have resulted in this disrupted eco-system in the present biosphere.
Callicott, J. B., & Frodeman, R. (2009). Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy, (Vol. 2, pp. 206-211). Macmillan Reference, USA.
Central Pollution Control Board. (2018). River Stretches for Restoration of Water Quality. Retrieved September 21, 2021, from https://nrcd.nic.in/writereaddata/FileUpload/River_STRETCHES_Sept_2018.pdf
Central Pollution Control Board. (2020-21). Assessment of Impact of Lockdown on Water Quality of Major Rivers. Retrieved September 21, 2021, from https://cpcb.nic.in/upload/Assessment-of-Impact-Lockdown-WQ-MajorRivers.pdf
Dasgupta, K. (2018). The New CPCB Report on River Pollution does not reveal the True Picture. Hindustan Time. Retrieved September 21, 2021, from https://www.hindustantimes.com/analysis/the-new-cpcb-report-on-river-pollution-does-not-reveal-the-true-extent-of-damage/story-AUzsr8jhbUWAUvFSgFY78M.html
Devall, B., & Sessions, G. (2010). Deep Ecology. In Craig Hanks (Eds.), Technology and Values: Essential Readings, (pp. 454-59). Wiley-Blackwell.
Devall, B., & Sessions, G. (1985). Deep Ecology. Gibbs Smith.
Karthikeyan, B. (2018). Representing the Somras as Evil in Amish Tripathi’s The Oath of the Vayuputras, International Journal of English Language, Literature in Humanities, 6(8), Retrieved September 10, 2021, from https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/4587/4019
Dutta, K, P. (2021). Bodies found floating in Ganga. Can rivers spread Covid-19? India Today. Retrieved September 10, 2021, from https://www.indiatoday.in/coronavirus-outbreak/story/bodies-found-floating-in-ganga-rivers-spread-covid-19-1801740-2021-05-12
Express News Service. (2021). Haryana to Launch Revival of Saraswati River, to Construct Dam, Barrage & Reservoir at Adi Badri. The Indian Express. Retrieved September 10, 2021, from https://indianexpress.com/article/india/saraswati-river-revival-haryana-7190173/
Kangude, L. (2017). A Critical Study of Representation of History in The Oath of Vayuputras by Amish Tripathi, The Expression: An International Multidisciplinary E-Journal, 3(3), 124-130, Retrieved September 10, 2021, from http://expressionjournal.com/downloads/18.-lalita-kangude-paper.pdf
Lakshmi, B. S. (2021). A Study of the Novel ‘The Oath of the Vayuputras’ in Amish Tripathi’s Shiva Trilogy. The Literary Herald, 6(6), 41-63, Retrieved September 10, 2021, from http://tlhjournal.com/uploads/products/6.boyapati-samrajya-lakshmi-article.pdf
Madsen, P. (2016). Deep Ecology. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved September 16, 2021, from https://www.britannica.com/topic/deep-ecology
Merriam-Webster. (n.d.). Deep Ecology. In Merriam-Webster.com dictionary. Retrieved September 16, 2021, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/deep%20ecology
Meeker, J. W. (1980). The Comedy of Survival: In Search of an Environmental Ethic. Guild of Tutors Press.
Mishra, L. (2013). Ethical Wisdom and Philosophical Judgement in Amish Tripathi's The Oath of Vayuputras. Linguistics and Literature Studies, 1(1), 20-31, Retrieved September 16, 2021, from https://latamishra.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/01-HRPUB-AMISH.pdf
Naess, A. (1986). The Deep Ecology Movement: Some Philosophical Aspects. Philosophical Inquiry, 8, pp. 4.
Naess, A. (1990). Ecology, Community and Lifestyle: Outline of an Ecosophy. Cambridge University Press.
Parihar, S. (2017). Journey from Shiva to Mahadev: The Oath of Vayuputras, International Journal of Information Movement, 2(8), Retrieved September 16, 2021, from http://www.ijim.in/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/Vol-2-Issue-VIII-28-32-Paper-6-7-Shivani-Parihar-Journey-from-Shiva-to-Mahadev-The-Oath-of-Vayuputras.pdf
Paik, S. (2009). The Saraswati:- Where lies the Mystery. Geospatial World: Advancing Knowledge for Sustainability. Retrieved September 16, 2021, https://www.geospatialworld.net/article/the-saraswati-where-lies-the-mystery/
Sadhguru. (2017). The Importance of Rivers. Isha. Retrieved September 16, 2021, https://isha.sadhguru.org/ca/en-gb/wisdom/article/the-importance-of-rivers
Tripathi, A. (2013). Shiva Trilogy 3: The Oath of the Vayuputras, Westland Ltd.