How Do EFL Students Perceive Brainstorming in L2 Writing Classes?


  • Maryam Shirvani Islamic Azad University
  • Reza Porkar North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University



brainstorming, L2 writing, online classes, students’ perceptions


Brainstorming is a valuable pre-writing activity in enabling learners to get started in writing classes. The present qualitative study explored the participants’ perceptions regarding the use of the method after experiencing it in online writing classes. The participants were selected based on convenience sampling, and their age range was 19 to 23. They had participated in private writing classes and volunteered to take part in interviews performed after the course. The interviews were also done virtually via WhatsApp, during which the respondents answered six questions. The analysis of the interviews led the researchers to extract eight significant themes, which were then divided into advantages and disadvantages. The interviewees mentioned idea generation, encouraging new ideas, becoming open-minded, enhancing motivation to write, and creating stronger rapport with classmates as the positive features of brainstorming. The disadvantages consisted of being distracted by too many ideas, being influenced by others’ ideas, and accepting ideas expressed by the majority. The study has implications for language teachers, educators, and ELT specialists.

Author Biographies

Maryam Shirvani, Islamic Azad University

Central Tehran Branch

Reza Porkar, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University

Faculty of Foreign Languages, TEFL Department


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