Critical Discourse Analysis and Rhetorical Tropes in Donald Trump’s First Speech to the UN


  • Mahdi Derakhshani Islamic Azad University, Shabestar Branch
  • Shatha Naiyf Qaiwer University of Baghdad
  • Bahram Kazemian Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch
  • Shafigeh Mohammadian Independent Researcher



CDA, rhetoric, passivization, modality, lexical & textual analysis, unification strategy, power of three, antithesis


Language and politics go hand in hand and learning and comprehending political genre is to learn a language created for codifying, extending and transmitting political discourse in any text/talk. Drawing upon the theoretical framework of Fairclough’s CDA and Rhetoric, the current study aims at investigating Donald Trump’s First Speech, from the point of frequency and functions of some rhetorical strategies (Parallelism, Anaphora and the Power of Three, Antithesis and Expletive, etc.), Nominalization, Passivization, We-groups and Modality as well as Lexical and Textual Analysis, presented to the UN delivered on Sep. 19, 2017. Specifically, the study seeks to determine: (1) how President Trump succeeded in conveying his notions and assumptions to his intended audience, and in convincing and negotiating, (2) how he attempted to explicitly and implicitly pass his attitudes on his targets, and (3) how those orientations, intended notions and assumptions were seamlessly presented to his addressees in discoursal and lexico-grammatical levels; (4) and finally in this underlying trend how he achieved his own ends. The results of the study hope to enhance reading comprehension and writing in academic registers for EFL/ESL students.

Author Biographies

Mahdi Derakhshani, Islamic Azad University, Shabestar Branch

Department of English

Shatha Naiyf Qaiwer, University of Baghdad

Department of English, College of Education for Women

Bahram Kazemian, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch

Department of English


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