Analyzing Discourse of Saudi Speakers Using the Integrative Approach (Goffman, Gumperz & Grice)
Keywords:discourse analysis, interactional sociolinguistic approach, Gumperz, Goffman, Grice
Approaches of discourse analysis, however, are at variance regarding their perspectives to discourse definition and its relationship with language and society. Based on such variance, each approach posits certain tools and applications consistent with its main principles. For instance, some approaches devote efforts to describing discourse itself and avoid accounting for underlying motivation and speakers' intentions such as "ISA" developed by Gumperz and Goffman, Schiffrin (1994). On the other hand, Grice's theory devotes concerns to both speaker's intention and hearer's interpretation and gives no or little attention to the effect of societal factor on linguistic stereotype, Haji-Hasan (2010). This paper is an attempt to use the integrative approach in discourse analysis. The integrative approach mainly presents critical results of a contrastive analysis by which the two approaches are mutually used to discourse analysis. Thus, this paper attempted to make use of the repertoire stemmed from the integrative approach to data analysis. The outcomes showed that socio-linguistic level taken from ISA and pragmatic level taken from conversational implicatures provided a very good tool to discourse analysis.
Altieri, Ch. (1981). Act & QuAdnanty: A Theory of Literary Meaning and Humanistic Understanding. Amherst, MA.: University of Massachusetts Press.
Auer, P. & Luzio, D. A. (1992). The Contextualization of Language. Philadelphia: John Benjamins B. V.
Birner, B. J. (2013). Introduction to Pragmatics. San Francisco: Wiley-Blackwell.
Cruse, A. (2011). Meaning in Language: An Introduction to Semantics and Pragmatics (3rd ed). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cutting, J. (2002). Pragmatics and Discourse. London: Routledge.
Eerdmans S., Prevignano, C. & Thibault, P. (2003). Language and Interaction. Discussion with John J. Gumperz. Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Fairclough, N. (2003). Analysing Discourse: Textual Analysis for Social Research. London: Routledge.
Gumperz, J. (2012). Interactional Sociolinguistics: Perspectives on Intercultural Communication. The Handbook of Intercultural Discourse and Communication. Wiley Online Library.
Haji-Hassan, I. A. (2010). Sociolinguistics and Interactional Discourse: Theory and Practice. Final Report, Project No. 3/1/41334. Riyadh: Research Center of Faculty of Arts, King Saud University.
Holmes, J. (2008). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. UK: Pearson Education Limited.
Horn, L. & Ward, G. (2006). The Handbook of Pragmatics. Malden: Blackwell Publishing Limited.
Johnstone, B. (2002). Discourse Analysis. UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Jorgensen, M. & Philips, L. (2002). Discourse Analysis as Theory and Method. London: SAGE publications Ltd.
Kasper, G. (1999). Data Collection in Pragmatics Research. http://www.file:///C:/Users/thama/Downloads/Kasper%20(1999)_WP18(1).pdf (accessed 25/4/2021).
Levinson, S. (1983). Pragmatics. UK: Cambridge University Press.
Schiffrin, D. (1994). Approaches to Discourse. UK: Blackwell Publishers.
Thomas, J. (2013). Meaning in Interaction: An Introduction to pragmatics. New York: Routledge.
Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.