Positive Discourse Analysis of Political Thought in The Analects From the Perspective of Metaphor
Keywords:positive discourse analysis, metaphor, The Analects
Against the query about hierarchical political system of Confucianism, this article tries to identify and analyze the political metaphors reflected in The Analects - the master piece of Confucianism based on Positive Discourse Analysis. We have the findings as follows. Basically, political metaphors in The Analects include STATE IS FAMILY, PATH, UP-DOWN, and ENTITY which construct a unified and coherent political system of Confucianism. In this political system, Confucius and his disciples intend to emphasize the leadership of virtuous and knowledgeable men and the co-construction of family and state, require people to strengthen personal moral cultivation, follow the social norms and do what they are required to do according to their social identities, and participate in the governance and development of the country actively. Based on positive discourse analysis, the positive meanings of Confucian political thought constructed by metaphors in The Analects are revealed.
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