The Effect of Role-Playing Techniques on the Speaking Skills of Students at University


  • Shebli Younus Idham Universiti Sains Malaysia USM
  • Ilangko Subramaniam Universiti Sains Malaysia USM
  • Alla Khan Universiti Sains Malaysia USM
  • Sarab Kadir Mugair University of Diyala



foreign language, speaking, role-playing, grammar-translation, University of Sumer


Students must master the skill of speaking in order to be able to communicate effectively in a foreign language. The fear of making errors and a lack of motivation are just a few reasons for students' difficulty in speaking. Role-Playing is used to help students overcome speaking difficulties. This study aims to determine the efficacy of role-playing in teaching speaking to second-grade students at the University of Sumer's College of Basic Education and determine whether there is a significant difference in speaking achievement between students taught with and without role play. The data were collected in 2021 by applying the quasi-experimental method in which two groups were involved in pre-test and post-test. The research consisted of forty-six students from two classes. The study indicates that the student's speaking score is improving. As a result, role-playing benefits students by offering an opportunity to struggle with oral communication. The results showed a significant improvement in the speaking skill of the experimental group. The students taught through the role-play method performed better than those taught through the grammar-translation method. It can be concluded that role-play significantly affects students’ speaking skills. These findings have positive implications for implementing role-playing techniques at the University of Sumer.

Author Biographies

Shebli Younus Idham, Universiti Sains Malaysia USM

School of Languages, Literacies, and Translation

Ilangko Subramaniam, Universiti Sains Malaysia USM

School of Languages, Literacies, and Translation

Alla Khan, Universiti Sains Malaysia USM

School of Languages, Literacies, and Translation

Sarab Kadir Mugair, University of Diyala

College of Basic Education


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