Use of Mind-Mapping in Language Learning: A Cognitive Approach
Keywords:mind-mapping, language learning, active learner
This article aims to describe the use of mind-mapping techniques in language learning as a way to assist students in developing their analytical, organizational, collaborative, and creative skills in addition to their language capabilities. During the 2020 academic year, mind-mapping was utilised as a teaching and learning tool in an English class composed of 93 12th-grade students. The research tools used for the purpose of a quasi-experiment included lesson plans, integrated mind-mapping techniques and unit tests. Through a one-group posttest-only design, cognitive-related data was collected by way of unit tests while a questionnaire was used for gathering opinions related to the use of mind maps in English classes. The results showed that the use of mind maps in English language classrooms provide an opportunity for students to be an active learner by acquiring data, processing information, organizing details and constructing knowledge by themselves. In addition, mind-mapping techniques also improve students’ skills such as creative and critical thinking, collaborative and organizational skills, alongside their English-language skills. They also develop positive attitudes towards mind-mapping techniques in which they can apply to other subjects.
Belkhir, Sadia. (2020). Cognition and Language Learning. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Buran, Anna and Filyukov, Andrey. (2015). Mind Mapping Technique in Language Learning. Proceedings of XV International Conference “Linguistic and Cultural Studies: Traditional and Innovations”, LKTI 2015, 215-218. Retrieved January 18, 2022 from https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/53079167.pdf
Buzan, Tony. (2017). Mind Maps. Retrieved January 18, 2022 from https://www.tonybuzan.edu.sg/about/mind-maps/
Casco, Mandy. (2009). The Use of “Mind Maps” in the Teaching of Foreign Languages. Retrieved January 18, 2022 from https://wlteacher.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/mindmaps.pdf
Education First. (2021). EF English Proficiency Index. Retrieved January 18, 2022 from https://www.ef.com/wwen/epi/
Jiang, Y. (2020) Application of the Mind Map in Learning English Vocabulary. Open Access Library Journal, 7, 1-4. https://doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1106484.
Kumaravadivelu, Bala. (1994). The Postmethod Condition: (E)merging Strategies for Second/Foreign Language Teaching. TESOL Quarterly. https://doi.org/28. 10.2307/3587197.
Ministry of Education. (2008). Basic Education Core Curriculum 2008. Bangkok: The Agricultural Cooperative Federation of Thailand. Limited.
Nasution, Dina Syarifah. (2020). Mind Mapping to Improve Students’ Speaking Skill. English Journal for Teaching and Learning, 8(1), 1-12.
Normawati, Afi. (2020). Digital Mind-Mapping to Improve Learners’ Grammar Competence. EDULINK (Education and Linguistics Knowledge) Journal, 2(2), 52-62.
Nunan, D. (2003). Practical English Language Teaching. New York: McGraw Hill.
Sahrawi. (2013). The Effectiveness of Mind Mapping for Teaching Vocabulary to the Eighth Grade Students of SMP Negeri 3 Sungai Kakap in Academic Year 2012/2013. Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa, 2(2). 236-247.
Shdaifat, Samar & Al-Al-abed Al--haq, Fawwaz & Al-Haq, & al-jamal, Dina. (2019). The Impact of an E-mind Mapping Strategy on Improving Basic Stage Students' English Vocabulary. Jordan Journal of Modern Languages and Literature, 11(3), 385-402.
Wang, Ling. (2019). Research on the Application of the Mind Map in English Grammar Teaching. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 9(8), 990-995.
Wang, Xiaojun & Dostál, Jiří. (2018). Using a Mind Map to Learn English Vocabulary. https://doi.org/10.1145/3291078.3291121.
Wangmo, Kinley. (2018). The Use of Mind Mapping Technique to Enhance Writing Skills of Grade Four Bhutanese Students. St. Theresa Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 4(2), 30-57.
Wibowo, F. E. (2020). A Mind Mapping: A Strategy to Enhance Students’ English Grammatical Structure. Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal), 5(2), 213–229. https://doi.org/10.30603 /al.v6i2.1321