Self-Reflexivity in Baby Kamble’s The Prisons We Broke: A Phenomenological Approach
Keywords:autobiography, discrimination, dominance, experience, humiliation, marginalization, patriarchy
Space is man-made socially constructed locations, without which they cannot have a comfortable life. Reflecting on the life experiences of the people who exist in the margins of the society, autobiography appears to be the appropriate genre that reflects the lived experiences of the characters as they live through them. It reflects not only the author's personal experiences but also the people whom they meet in their lifeworld. In other words, it is a narration of both individual and collective lived experiences. Dalit writing in Indian literature has become the most controversial topic in recent times, taking autobiography as its predominant form of writing. This paper attempts to explore Baby Kamble’s The Prisons We Broke as a self-reflexive narrative. The characters experience extreme humiliation in the public and private spheres of their lives. The purpose of the paper is to categorise their absolute humiliation experience using Van Manen’s lifeworld existentialism and self-reflexivity as a theoretical framework.
Abraham, J. K., & Barak, J. M. (Eds.). (2018). Dalit literatures in India: With a new introduction (2nd ed.). Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
Ahirwar, K. B. (2019, December). Baby Kamble’s The Prisons we Broke: Expression of Pains and Sufferings. Google Scholar. Retrieved January 14, 2022, from https://www.ed-intellect.com/2021/08/baby-kambles-prisons-we-broke.html#:~:text=This%20paper%20deals%20with%20the,system%20in%20the%20contemporary%20society.
Cogswell, D., & Lee, J. (2008). Existentialism for beginners. For Beginners.
Gualeni, S., & Vella, D. (2021). Virtual existentialism: Meaning and subjectivity in virtual worlds. PALGRAVE PIVOT.
Huber, W., Middeke, M., & Zapf, H. (Eds.). (2005). Self-Reflexivity in Literature. Königshausen & Neumann.
Jothi C. (2020). From Exploitation to Exploration: Gender Study in Baby Kamble's The Prisons We Broke. Google Scholar. Retrieved January 14, 2022, from http://www.autrj.com/gallery/27-aut-dec-4325.pdf
Kamble, B. (2020). The Prisons We Broke. (M. Pandit, Trans.) (2nd ed.). Orient BlackSwan.
Kumar, S. (2018). A Study of Self-Reflexivity in Select Dalit Writings (thesis). Shodhganga .
Manen, M. V. (2016). Phenomenology of Practice: Meaning–Giving Methods in Phenomenological Research Methods (2nd ed.). Taylor & Francis.
Manen, M. V. (2016). Researching Lived Experience: Human Science for an Action Sensitive Pedagogy (2nd ed.). State University of New York Press.
Matcas, V. (2017). Existence. Retrieved February 2, 2022, from https://www.google.co.in/books/edition/Existence/pgiiDgAAQBAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&dq=existence%2Bmeaning&printsec=frontcover
Nerula, A. (2019). Exploring the Horizons of Change: A study of Baby Kamble’s The Prisons we Broke. Google Scholar. Retrieved January 14, 2022, from https://dialog.puchd.ac.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/3.Amit-Narula-The-prisons-we-broke.pdf
Pan, A. (2015). Now the Powerless Speaks: A study of Bama’s ‘Sangati’ and Baby Kamble’s ‘The Prisons we Broke’ from a Dalit Feminist Standpoint. Google Scholar. Retrieved January 14, 2022, from http://papers.iafor.org/wp-content/uploads/papers/acas2015/ACAS2015_12054.pdf
Rather, M. N. (2017). Analyzing the Painful Recountal of Dalit Women in Baby Kamble’s The Prisons we Broke. Google Scholar. Retrieved January 14, 2022, from https://www.arjonline.org/papers/arjel/v3-i1/17.pdf
Revathi P, & M. R. Bindu. (2021). Kamble in a New Horizon: The Prisons we Broke as a Bildungsroman Genre. Google Scholar. Retrieved January 14, 2022, from https://turcomat.org/index.php/turkbilmat/article/view/6824/5626