The Shift of Lexicon in Traditional Technology System in Tolaki Community at Konawe District of Southeast Sulawesi


  • Takwa Sembilanbelas November University of Kolaka
  • Burhanuddin Arafah Hasanuddin University
  • Kaharuddin Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Alauddin
  • Eko Putra Sembilanbelas November University of Kolaka
  • Masrur Hasanuddin University
  • Azhariah Nur B. Arafah Universitas Gunadarma



shift of lexicon, traditional technology systems, Tolaki society


This research discusses the lexicon used for traditional technology systems in the Tolaki community. Lexicon is a language component containing information about the meaning and usage of words, the richness of words a language has. Lexicon runs into a shift due to certain factors such as changes in norms, culture, and environment and the development of science and technology. The level of shift and the change in the meaning of the lexicon for traditional technology systems in Tolaki community, Konawe Regency, Southeast Sulawesi are analyzed with the method of qualitative descriptive analysis. The data are taken from written sources, literature studies, by examining and recording some lexicons from the book "Tolaki Culture" by Abdurrauf Tarimana. This book discusses the lexicon used for traditional technology systems in the Tolaki community. The validation of the data is then substantiated by questionnaire distribution in which the informants fill in lexicon data for agricultural technology systems and imply them in Tolaki language. The lexical-semantic theory by Pateda is applied and the results of the data analysis show that the lexicon for agricultural technology system in Tolaki is extinct and undergoing a shift. 115 lexicons of traditional technology systems are analyzed and among them are 50 (44%) lexicons undergoing extinction, 29 (25%) undergoing a shift, and 36 (31%) undergoing no shift.

Author Biographies

Takwa, Sembilanbelas November University of Kolaka

Faculty of Teacher Training and Education

Burhanuddin Arafah, Hasanuddin University

Faculty of Cultural Sciences

Kaharuddin, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Alauddin

Faculty of Education and Teacher Training

Eko Putra, Sembilanbelas November University of Kolaka

Faculty of Teacher Training and Education

Masrur, Hasanuddin University

Doctoral Program in Linguistics, Faculty of Cultural Sciences

Azhariah Nur B. Arafah, Universitas Gunadarma

Faculty of Psychology


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